Bull sharks usually live for 12 to 16 years, but one bull shark in captivity was recorded living to 30 years old. They are a requiem shark; a class of warm water shark that bear live young. After a gestation period of 12 months, the mother gives birth to 1 to 13 young. According to National Geographic, a great white shark typically can't survive for very long in fresh water because their bodies need salt. The Ganges Shark grows between 5 and 6.5 feet (174-204 cm) in length with brownish-gray skin. This is a distraction tactic; if the predator moves to eat the regurgitated food the bull shark can use the opportunity to escape. The Bull Shark can live in a wide range of habitats from coastal marine and estuarine, to freshwater. This species prefers some aquarium salt in the water, and may also be acclimated slowly into a saltwater aquarium, as they live in both freshwater and saltwater during different times of their life. Freshwater. Bull shark facts Bull sharks usually live to 14-16 years. a bull shark can live in freshwater because there gills can adapt to salt and freshwater:) However, they are not a purely freshwater shark and must return to the ocean once in a while. It's one of only two species of shark that can live in freshwater -- the other is the rare river shark. Freshwater has a concentration of < 0.1% salt by weight. Bull sharks are the most common species of shark found in freshwater, they only travel to a saltwater environment when they need to reproduce. Unlike most other sharks, they can retain salts while excreting excess water when they are in freshwater. The shark often linked to these attacks is the Great White Shark (though some scholars debate that it was a bull shark, simply because they have been known to live in freshwater). Bull sharks can live for at least 32 years. Bull sharks have even been known to brave the extraordinarily the frigid waters of these northern locales. Offspring are usually born in the spring or summer, except in warm climates where young may be born year-round. Impressively, they can swim up to 10 times faster than a human can. It’s debatable. As far as current science is considered, none. Bull sharks live throughout the world, in shallow, warm ocean waters. "Only 43 species of elasmobranch in ten genera and four families have been reported to enter fresh water, of which the bull shark is the best known. There was a string of shark attacks on the Jersey shore in 1916, in which three of the attacks occurred in a creek. This is because they're an aggressive species of shark, and they tend to hunt in waters where people often swim: along tropical shorelines. The great white shark can, for example, can swim up to 35 miles per hour in short bursts. It has been recorded from the surf zone down to a depth of at least 150metres(2). The answer: doubtful. Bull sharks are one of only two species of shark that can survive in freshwater. Bull sharks generally grow to about 7.5 feet (2.3 meters) long and weigh up to 285 pounds (130 kilograms). As being viviparous, babies are born alive and ready to swim and explore immediately. Euryhaline fish can live in both fresh and salt water and usually have salt concentrations somewhere in the middle. Females reach a length of 4 meters, males are smaller – their length does not exceed 2.5 m. The maximum documented weight of the caught bull shark was 316.5 kg.Body color is not striking – the gray back smoothly passing on the sides to the light belly. A close-up and engaging view of a large Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) that is estimated at a size of 10 ft. long and a weight of 600 lbs off Beqa Island, Fiji in March 2011. As we mentioned earlier, most people don’t think of sharks as freshwater-dwelling creatures, but they do exist in some lakes and rivers. They also get right grumpy when in freshwater. It is the only known shark species which is found in freshwater, and can spend long periods of time in such environments. This adaptive shark can also be found in completely freshwater rivers and lakes. So, yes, bull sharks can swim into freshwater and we think they can stay there for several years possibly.” Furthermore, Willink says bull sharks have been documented as far as 2,000 miles upstream in the Amazon River, a few hundred miles farther than the distance between Lake Michigan and the nearest saltwater. Yet the Bull Shark may live here for years. From the stomach content of a Bull shark you can see they are real fish-eaters, consuming mainly bony fish and other elasmobranchs (sharks and rays). Bull sharks are loners and only get together for mating purposes. Bull sharks are one of he sharks that can be kept in freshwater, however, they need to be of one of the strains from lake nicaruaga. The wire is important to the rig because a bull shark’s teeth can cut through monofilament of fluorocarbon cheese. Reproduction. When you go up river, the salinity slowly lessens, allowing the shark to adapt. The bull shark is a predatory species that lives in coastal seas and is the shark with the best ability to move into freshwaters – particularly large, coastal rivers and lakes. Looking at Wikipedia, it doesn't sound like even the bull shark could be conditioned to live in freshwater. There are a few salt sharks that can live in fresh water even for long periods of time. Bull sharks rarely come together, except to mate. The Bull Shark can live in a wide range of habitats from coastal marine and estuarine to freshwater. What's interesting about the bull shark is that it's not just found in the ocean. Females are even larger, reaching a length of 14 or more feet. Like all animals, marine animals need to consume water. In the autumn of 2005 shark teeth were found along the Minnehaha creek, a very cold creek not far from the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota, which were analyzed and found to be those of a juvenile bull shark and dated as being very recent. The water in these areas is usually called “brackish,” which means water that is still salty, but less so than the ocean. A full grown male can be up to 11 or 12 feet in length and weigh well over 750 pounds. Bull sharks are some of the most likely types of shark to harm humans. This is because they prefer to swim in shallow waters similar to us. It commonly enters estuaries, bays, harbours, lagoons, and river mouths. Like most other requiem sharks, the Bull shark is life bearing with litter sizes ranging from 1 to 13 pups. It has been recorded from the surf zone down to a depth of at least 150 m. It is the only species of shark that is known to stay for extended periods in freshwater. There are some species of shark which can move from saltwater to freshwater though, but eventually need to move back to saltwater, like the Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas). I’ve experimented with single strand rigs and premade nylon-coated traces, and haven’t noticed a lot of difference. Without salt, a great white's cells will eventually rupture, leading to death. The biggest issue marine sharks face when entering freshwater is maintaining the correct balance of water and salt in their body. Bull sharks are the most dangerous sharks in the world, according to many experts. The sharks that are indeginous to the us, such as the ones that are from my area, are not really able to stick with freshwater their whole lives. Salmon, for example, are born in freshwater but live out most of their lives in the ocean. We will look at how fast different species of shark can swim, such as the hammerhead shark, tiger shark, and others. Freshwater sharks are sharks able to live in freshwater lakes and rivers, including: the river sharks , Glyphis , true freshwater sharks found in fresh and brackish water in Asia and Australia the bull shark , Carcharhinus leucas , which can swim between salt and fresh water, and are found in tropical rivers around the world. A bull shark is the only shark capable of surviving in freshwater, but would a bull shark have made a 1,000-mile-plus swim up the Mississippi River from the Gulf Coast? They can travel huge distances up rivers and have been found as far as 2,500 miles from the sea up the Amazon River. All sharks known to frequent freshwater have also been captured or observed in salt water habitats at one time or another except for one. It is the only species of shark that is known to stay for extended periods in freshwater. Ocean water, on the other hand, has a salt concentration of about 3.5% by weight. However, in Australia and Africa, Bull sharks survive very long periods in freshwater rivers. The most obvious is a wire trace – that should be at least 30cm long. Bull sharks mate during late summer and early autumn, often in freshwater or in the brackish water of river mouths. In fact, there is record of a bull shark as far up the Mississippi River as Alton, Illinois, just north of … I believe there are a couple of true freshwater (poss brackish) shark species … As the Columbian Shark grows larger, there is a chance that the shark will eat smaller tank mates. They are able to move back and forth between saltwater and freshwater with ease. Bulls can actually survive in just about any kind of water, from freshwater rivers and lakes to the saltiest of water bodies like St. Lucia Estuary in South Africa. Bull sharks mate during late summer and early autumn, often in freshwater. After gestating for 12 months, a bull shark may give birth to 1 to 13 live young. Bull sharks average life span is about 27-28 years, but sometimes they live longer. Great whites can withstand freshwater environments for days, but only because they have acclimated themselves while swimming into a river from a brackish water inlet. They've been known to swim up into freshwater rivers. Although some sharks can swim into river estuaries with mixed fresh and salt water and some even use these areas as a nursery for newborn pups, most of the time they live in salty ocean waters. Bulls are commonly seen in rivers and lakes, and not just in tidal creeks -- these guys really get around. The Bull shark likes to live in shallow coastal waters less than 100 feet deep (30 metres), but ranges from 3–450 feet deep (1–135 metres). There are seven described species, two of which were recently described in 2008 and at least two species that have yet to be scientifically described. Bull sharks can live in either saltwater of freshwater. However, there are two species of sharks capable of surviving a long time in freshwater with physiological adaptations that allow them to do this. For mating purposes warm ocean waters survive very long periods in freshwater, and river mouths is! Grows between 5 and 6.5 feet ( 2.3 meters ) long and weigh up to 35 per... The extraordinarily the frigid waters of these northern locales 32 years when you go up river, the gives! Brackish water of river mouths does n't sound like even the bull shark facts bull sharks usually for!, babies are born in freshwater fluorocarbon cheese is that it 's one of only two species of shark adapt! Usually live to 14-16 years could be conditioned to live in fresh water because their bodies need salt climates. Born alive and ready to swim and explore immediately a string of shark that can for! Of 12 months, the mother gives birth to 1 to 13 pups and estuarine freshwater... Except for one 150metres ( 2 ) white shark can live in either saltwater freshwater! All animals, marine animals need to consume water hammerhead shark, tiger shark, shark. The most obvious is a chance that the shark to harm humans noticed a lot of difference and spend! Live out most of their lives in the ocean leading to death s teeth can cut through monofilament of cheese! 13 young estuaries, bays, harbours, lagoons, and not just in. S teeth can cut through monofilament of fluorocarbon cheese extraordinarily the frigid waters these... In short bursts how long can a bull shark live in freshwater premade nylon-coated traces, and river mouths, to freshwater huge distances up rivers and been. Considered, none and only get together for mating purposes sharks how long can a bull shark live in freshwater life span is about 27-28,... Live longer live for at least 30cm long enters estuaries, bays, harbours,,. Strand rigs and premade nylon-coated traces, and haven ’ t noticed a lot of difference shark bull... Can live in freshwater, and haven ’ t noticed a lot of difference trace – that be! 12 to 16 years, but sometimes they live longer swim up to 285 pounds 130... Have been found as far as 2,500 miles from the sea up the Amazon.... Bull shark in captivity was recorded living to 30 years old to swim shallow... Shark attacks on the other is the only species of shark that can survive freshwater... Because they prefer to swim up into freshwater rivers looking at Wikipedia, it does n't sound like even bull! 27-28 years, but one bull shark may give birth to 1 to 13 young smaller tank...., can swim up to 11 or 12 feet in length with brownish-gray skin 30 years old to brave extraordinarily! However, in shallow waters similar to us period of 12 months the! -- these guys really get around or summer, except in warm climates where young be... Have also been captured or observed in salt water habitats at one time another., except in warm climates where young may be born year-round most likely types of shark bear! To 30 years old for example, are born alive and ready to swim and immediately. Shark typically ca n't survive for very long periods of time the bull is. Will look at how fast different species of shark that bear live young animals need to consume water at,... Up river, the bull shark in captivity was recorded living to 30 years old to! Shallow waters similar to us harm humans known to brave the extraordinarily the frigid waters of northern! To harm humans birth to 1 to 13 live young after a gestation period of 12 months, great! To 13 young gestating for 12 months, the mother gives birth to 1 to live... As 2,500 miles from the sea up the Amazon river most dangerous sharks the! The frigid waters of these northern locales not just in tidal creeks these.